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Mediterranean Beauty

Glossary

Beauty
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A

ALANINE

Alanine is an amino acid used by humans for protein synthesis. It is naturally synthesized in our bodies, so it falls into that category of non-essential amino acids, which can therefore be avoided from the diet. It is used in a wide range of cosmetics and personal care products as a skin conditioner and especially as a moisturizer. It is found in our Sorgente Libera face serum.

ALLANTOIN

Allantoin is a chemical compound, a ureide, the end product of the oxidation of uric acid. It is a non-toxic, non-irritating, non-sensitizing molecule that is safe and effective as a skin protector. It has a soothing action and stimulates tissue renewal, promotes healing and reduces redness and irritation. It has reparative purposes against any kind of skin damage. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream.

ASCORBIC ACID (VITAMIN C)

Ascorbic acid is an organic compound with antioxidant properties present in nature. In particular man needs to take it through the diet. It is one of the components of vitamin C, water-soluble, essential for humans, often used in saline form (ascorbate) where it performs multiple functions. It is used in cosmetics for its antioxidant properties. It is usually found in anti-aging actives, as it protects cells from damage caused by free radicals and evens out the complexion. It is also found in many other skin care products for these properties. It is naturally contained in fruits and vegetables (lemons, oranges, kiwis…). It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream.

ARBUTIN

Arbutin is a glycoside derived from hydroquinone, a naturally active ingredient found in the leaves of bearberry of the genus Arctostaphylos in the family Ericaceae. Very small amounts of arbutin are found in wheat, pear peel and some other foods. It is also found in Viburnum opulus and Bergenia crassifolia. It can be prepared synthetically by the reaction of bromine glucose acid and hydroquinone in the presence of alkali. It is an antioxidant because it inhibits reactions promoted by oxygen, thus preventing oxidation and rancidity. Applied topically, it inhibits tyrosinase and thus prevents the formation of melanin. In fact, bearberry extract is used in skin lightening treatments designed for regular and long-term use. Finally, it improves the appearance of dry and/or damaged skin by reducing flakiness and restoring elasticity. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream.

ALANINE

Alanine is an amino acid used by humans for protein synthesis. It is naturally synthesized in our bodies, so it falls into that category of non-essential amino acids, which can therefore be avoided from the diet. It is used in a wide range of cosmetics and personal care products as a skin conditioner and especially as a moisturizer. It is found in our Sorgente Libera face serum.

ALLANTOIN

Allantoin is a chemical compound, a ureide, the end product of the oxidation of uric acid. It is a non-toxic, non-irritating, non-sensitizing molecule that is safe and effective as a skin protector. It has a soothing action and stimulates tissue renewal, promotes healing and reduces redness and irritation. It has reparative purposes against any kind of skin damage. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream.

ARBUTIN

Arbutin is a glycoside derived from hydroquinone, a naturally active ingredient found in the leaves of bearberry of the genus Arctostaphylos in the family Ericaceae. Very small amounts of arbutin are found in wheat, pear peel and some other foods. It is also found in Viburnum opulus and Bergenia crassifolia. It can be prepared synthetically by the reaction of bromine glucose acid and hydroquinone in the presence of alkali. It is an antioxidant because it inhibits reactions promoted by oxygen, thus preventing oxidation and rancidity. Applied topically, it inhibits tyrosinase and thus prevents the formation of melanin. In fact, bearberry extract is used in skin lightening treatments designed for regular and long-term use. Finally, it improves the appearance of dry and/or damaged skin by reducing flakiness and restoring elasticity. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream.

ASCORBIC ACID (VITAMIN C)

Ascorbic acid is an organic compound with antioxidant properties present in nature. In particular man needs to take it through the diet. It is one of the components of vitamin C, water-soluble, essential for humans, often used in saline form (ascorbate) where it performs multiple functions. It is used in cosmetics for its antioxidant properties. It is usually found in anti-aging actives, as it protects cells from damage caused by free radicals and evens out the complexion. It is also found in many other skin care products for these properties. It is naturally contained in fruits and vegetables (lemons, oranges, kiwis…). It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream.

C

CAPRYLIC/CAPRIC TRIGLYCERIDE

Caprylic/capric triglyceride is a synthetic glycerin triester with acids derived from coconut oil fractionation. It appears as a clear, non-viscous liquid. It is a good substitute for vegetable oils and is stable to oxidation compared to the latter. It contains a mixture of fatty acids that helps plump the skin and resist moisture loss. It acts as an excellent emollient and ingredient for skin regeneration. It is especially suitable for sensitive and oily skin. It is most often used in all skin care creams and lotions, makeup, shampoos and cleansers. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream.

CHAMOMILLA RECUTITA FLOWER EXTRACT (CHAMOMILE FLOWER EXTRACT)

Chamomile is an annual herbaceous plant belonging to the Asteraceae family and to the Matricaria genus. Chamomile is a medicinal plant composed of flowers resembling daisies, whose heart is yellow and petals are white. It has numerous properties, including anti-inflammatory, healing and calming ones. In cosmetics, in particular, it is used for products intended for sensitive and oily skins or skins subject to allergies and couperose for its soothing and regenerating effect and its antiseptic properties, due to the presence of flavonoids. The bisabolol of which it is composed, helps to soften the skin. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream.

CETYL ALCOHOL

Cetyl alcohol is a fatty but non-oily alcohol that gives texture to cosmetics. It can be produced from coconut oil or synthetically. It is an excellent emollient, which softens and protects the skin. It is a very well-tolerated component, smoothening and used to improve absorption and for its emulsifying effect in hair and body care products. It is generally very suitable for dry skin. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream.

CITRIC ACID

Citric acid is a natural organic tricarboxylic acid soluble in water in a wide pH range. It is obtained by extraction from fruits, especially from the Citrus family: the lemon juice can contain up to 3-4% and the orange 1%. It is also present in wood, mushrooms, tobacco, wine and even milk.
It is often used to balance the pH (too basic) of cosmetics. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream and our Sorgente Libera face serum.

CITRUS AURANTIUM DULCIS PEEL EXTRACT (ESTRATTO DI BUCCIA D’ARANCIA DOLCE)

Sweet orange is cultivated in Italy mainly in the regions of Campania, Calabria, Sardinia and Sicily. In cosmetics its extract is used to counteract the appearance of large pores, as well as for its astringent and purifying properties useful in treating acne. In addition, it can be used in treatments to contrast imperfections related to cellulite and fluid retention. Finally, sweet orange essential oil is very popular in aromatherapy for its anxiolytic and calming properties. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream and in our Sorgente Libera face serum.

CITRUS AURANTIUM BERGAMIA FRUIT EXTRACT (ESTRATTO DI BERGAMOTTO)

Bergamot is a citrus fruit of the Citrus family. This plant of the family of rutaceae has an area of production limited mainly to the Ionian coastal area of Calabria (Italy) to the point of becoming a symbol of the whole area. In skincare, it is stimulating, antiseptic and detoxifying and promotes the healing of wounds. It has an emollient, refreshing and toning effect on the skin.
Bergamot is particularly suitable for products to improve small ascesses, acne and impure skin, but also to treat small wounds and to attenuate stretch marks. Bergamot essential oil is exported all over the world for its property of giving an extremely fresh note to perfumery compositions. In aromatherapy, bergamot relieves depression, mood swings and reduces stress. Its scent gives joy and helps with minor sleep problems. Its extract can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream and our Sorgente Libera face serum.

CAPRYLIC/CAPRIC TRIGLYCERIDE

Caprylic/capric triglyceride is a synthetic glycerin triester with acids derived from coconut oil fractionation. It appears as a clear, non-viscous liquid. It is a good substitute for vegetable oils and is stable to oxidation compared to the latter. It contains a mixture of fatty acids that helps plump the skin and resist moisture loss. It acts as an excellent emollient and ingredient for skin regeneration. It is especially suitable for sensitive and oily skin. It is most often used in all skin care creams and lotions, makeup, shampoos and cleansers. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream.

CHAMOMILLA RECUTITA FLOWER EXTRACT (CHAMOMILE FLOWER EXTRACT)

Chamomile is an annual herbaceous plant belonging to the Asteraceae family and to the Matricaria genus. Chamomile is a medicinal plant composed of flowers resembling daisies, whose heart is yellow and petals are white. It has numerous properties, including anti-inflammatory, healing and calming ones. In cosmetics, in particular, it is used for products intended for sensitive and oily skins or skins subject to allergies and couperose for its soothing and regenerating effect and its antiseptic properties, due to the presence of flavonoids. The bisabolol of which it is composed, helps to soften the skin. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream.

CITRIC ACID

Citric acid is a natural organic tricarboxylic acid soluble in water in a wide pH range. It is obtained by extraction from fruits, especially from the Citrus family: the lemon juice can contain up to 3-4% and the orange 1%. It is also present in wood, mushrooms, tobacco, wine and even milk.
It is often used to balance the pH (too basic) of cosmetics. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream and our Sorgente Libera face serum.

CETYL ALCOHOL

Cetyl alcohol is a fatty but non-oily alcohol that gives texture to cosmetics. It can be produced from coconut oil or synthetically. It is an excellent emollient, which softens and protects the skin. It is a very well-tolerated component, smoothening and used to improve absorption and for its emulsifying effect in hair and body care products. It is generally very suitable for dry skin. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream.

CITRUS AURANTIUM DULCIS PEEL EXTRACT (ESTRATTO DI BUCCIA D’ARANCIA DOLCE)

Sweet orange is cultivated in Italy mainly in the regions of Campania, Calabria, Sardinia and Sicily. In cosmetics its extract is used to counteract the appearance of large pores, as well as for its astringent and purifying properties useful in treating acne. In addition, it can be used in treatments to contrast imperfections related to cellulite and fluid retention. Finally, sweet orange essential oil is very popular in aromatherapy for its anxiolytic and calming properties. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream and in our Sorgente Libera face serum.

CITRUS AURANTIUM BERGAMIA FRUIT EXTRACT (ESTRATTO DI BERGAMOTTO)

Bergamot is a citrus fruit of the Citrus family. This plant of the family of rutaceae has an area of production limited mainly to the Ionian coastal area of Calabria (Italy) to the point of becoming a symbol of the whole area. In skincare, it is stimulating, antiseptic and detoxifying and promotes the healing of wounds. It has an emollient, refreshing and toning effect on the skin.
Bergamot is particularly suitable for products to improve small ascesses, acne and impure skin, but also to treat small wounds and to attenuate stretch marks. Bergamot essential oil is exported all over the world for its property of giving an extremely fresh note to perfumery compositions. In aromatherapy, bergamot relieves depression, mood swings and reduces stress. Its scent gives joy and helps with minor sleep problems. Its extract can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream and our Sorgente Libera face serum.

CITRUS GRANDIS EXTRACT (ESTRATTO DI POMPELMO/POMELO)

Grapefruit belongs to the rutaceae family. In skincare, its extract acts as an astringent, detoxifier and helps strengthen connective tissue. It promotes the regeneration of the skin and blood circulation by firming the tissues of the epidermis, has an antibacterial and antiseptic effect and helps regulate the production of sebum, as well as helping to reduce cellulite. In aromatherapy, the scent of grapefruit eases depression and helps to be calm by fighting stress, anxiety and increasing self-confidence. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream and our Sorgente Libera face serum.

D

DICAPRYLYL ETHER (DICAPRILIL ETERE)

Dicaprylyl ether is a colorless and odorless oil of plant origin. It is a low molecular weight ether. Thanks to its stability, it is active in a wide pH range and therefore widely used in cosmetics. In the skincare products in which it is present, it gives a dry and non-greasy feeling on the skin, a good spreadability and a light touch, as well as being an excellent emollient and solvent. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream.

E

ETHYLHEXYL PALMITATE (PALMITATO DI ETILESILE/OTTIL PALMITATO)

Ethylhexyl palmitate, or octyl palmitate, is the fatty acid ester derived from 2-ethylhexanol and palmitic acid. Ethylhexyl palmitate is a clear, colorless liquid at room temperature. It is commonly used in cosmetic formulations as a solvent, carrier agent, pigment wetting agent, fragrance fixative and emollient. The feel on the skin is dry and similar to some silicone derivatives. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream.

G

GLYCERIN (GLICERINA)

Glycerol, or glycerin, is an organic compound that is a constituent of all naturally occurring fats and oils. It can be produced synthetically or obtained from oil seeds and other parts of a plant. It is a viscous, colorless and odorless liquid with a sweet taste capable of absorbing moisture. Glycerin is used in the personal care industry for its many properties: its high moisturizing, occlusive, emollient and humectant powers. It also improves the smoothness of the products in which it is included while also giving brightness and firmness to the skin. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream and in our Sorgente Libera face serum.

GLYCERYL STEARATE
(STEARATO DI GLICEROLO)

Glyceryl stearate is the natural glycerol ester of glycerin and stearic acid. It can be derived from palm, olive or canola oil. It is used as a non-ionic emulsifier or emollient in cosmetic products because it provides excellent hydration. It also acts as a thickener and formulation stabilizer. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream.

GLYCERIN (GLICERINA)

Glycerol, or glycerin, is an organic compound that is a constituent of all naturally occurring fats and oils. It can be produced synthetically or obtained from oil seeds and other parts of a plant. It is a viscous, colorless and odorless liquid with a sweet taste capable of absorbing moisture. Glycerin is used in the personal care industry for its many properties: its high moisturizing, occlusive, emollient and humectant powers. It also improves the smoothness of the products in which it is included while also giving brightness and firmness to the skin. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream and in our Sorgente Libera face serum.

GLYCERYL STEARATE
(STEARATO DI GLICEROLO)

Glyceryl stearate is the natural glycerol ester of glycerin and stearic acid. It can be derived from palm, olive or canola oil. It is used as a non-ionic emulsifier or emollient in cosmetic products because it provides excellent hydration. It also acts as a thickener and formulation stabilizer. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream.

GLYCYRRHIZA GLABRA ROOT EXTRACT
(ESTRATTO DI RADICE DI LIQUIRIZIA)

Licorice is a rustic herbaceous perennial plant that is frost resistant, belonging to the Leguminosae family. It mainly grows in southern Europe in calcareous and/or clay soils. Calabria has a secular tradition in the production of licorice (the so-called licorice of Calabria) and it is the main producer. The plant develops a large rhizome from which stolons and roots extend, up to two meters long. From licorice are used the underground stems of three-four years old plants, harvested during the autumn season and dried. It is appreciated for its many properties, in fact it is soothing, anti-inflammatory, healing, antiseptic, as well as having brightening properties. In cosmetics licorice is used specifically for its anti-inflammatory properties and therefore indicated on skin damaged by UVA rays as well as being useful for its repairing effects for dry skin. It is found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream.

H

HELIANTHUS ANNUUS SEED OIL (OLIO DI SEMI DI GIRASOLE)

The sunflower is an autumn plant belonging to the Compositae family, with a large flower head inflorescence. The oil of its seeds is mainly composed by linoleic acid (fatty acid, omega 6), carotenoids, waxes and lecithin as well as vitamin E and vitamin A. It is used in cosmetics because it gives good hydration to the skin, has an antioxidant action, it is emollient as well as having regenerating properties for skin cells. It is in fact an excellent base for cosmetic products suitable for all skin types. It is found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream and in our face, body and hair oil Nettare degli Dei.

HELICHRYSUM ITALICUM FLOWER WATER (ACQUA DI FIORI DI ELICRISO ITALIANO)

Italian helichrysum (other names are Italian strawflower or immortelle) is a plant belonging to the Asteraceae family, mainly native to the Mediterranean. It is a perennial plant with a bushy growth. In cosmetics helichrysum is used as a fixative in perfumes, whereas in skincare it is used for its astringent, antiseptic and antibacterial properties, as well as anti-inflammatory and antifungal. In aromatherapy it is considered an energizer, tonic for the nerves and useful in relaxation before sleep. Its water can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream and in our Sorgente Libera face serum.

HELIANTHUS ANNUUS SEED OIL (OLIO DI SEMI DI GIRASOLE)

The sunflower is an autumn plant belonging to the Compositae family, with a large flower head inflorescence. The oil of its seeds is mainly composed by linoleic acid (fatty acid, omega 6), carotenoids, waxes and lecithin as well as vitamin E and vitamin A. It is used in cosmetics because it gives good hydration to the skin, has an antioxidant action, it is emollient as well as having regenerating properties for skin cells. It is in fact an excellent base for cosmetic products suitable for all skin types. It is found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream and in our face, body and hair oil Nettare degli Dei.

HELICHRYSUM ITALICUM FLOWER WATER (ACQUA DI FIORI DI ELICRISO ITALIANO)

Italian helichrysum (other names are Italian strawflower or immortelle) is a plant belonging to the Asteraceae family, mainly native to the Mediterranean. It is a perennial plant with a bushy growth. In cosmetics helichrysum is used as a fixative in perfumes, whereas in skincare it is used for its astringent, antiseptic and antibacterial properties, as well as anti-inflammatory and antifungal. In aromatherapy it is considered an energizer, tonic for the nerves and useful in relaxation before sleep. Its water can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream and in our Sorgente Libera face serum.

I

INOSITOL (INOSITOLO)

Inositol is a vitamin-like substance, a carbocyclic sugar found in foods such as fruits, beans, grains and nuts. Inositol used in cosmetics has the ability to help improve the appearance of the skin by reducing its dryness, promoting the recovery of its elasticity and regulating the secretion of sebum. It can be found in our Sorgente Libera face serum.

L

LAVANDULA ANGUSTIFOLIA FLOWER EXTRACT
(ESTRATTO DI FIORI DI LAVANDA)

Lavender officinale or lavender vera is a suffruticose evergreen plant of the Lamiaceae family. In Italy it is present, but it remains rare. It can be found discontinuously along the entire Mediterranean coast (excluding islands). In Calabria it grows spontaneously in the entire area of the Pollino National Park, at altitudes between 900 and 1700 meters. In particular in this park, among the rocks, grows spontaneously the “Loricanda”, an autochthonous lavender. This plant has many properties that can reduce digestive problems or cure back pain. In cosmetics it is used for its dermopurifying, antioxidant, antiseptic function and its ability to combat peroxidation due to free radicals. In aromatherapy, lavender is used as an antidepressant, tranquilizer and as a decongestant against colds and flu. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream.

N

NIACINAMIDE (VITAMINA B3)

Niacinamide is a derivative of Vitamin B3 (or niacin). It is a water-soluble substance that is obtained through the diet. It is essential for cell respiration, promotes blood circulation and plays an important role in soothing and restoring the skin barrier. This compound is one of the most frequently used in cosmetics especially in acne, stressed and pollutant-prone skin care formulas. Niacinamide is able to protect and strengthen the skin barrier by stimulating the production of ceramides (essential components of the epidermal structure) and the differentiation of keratinocytes, thus accelerating cell turnover. Among its properties we find the stimulation of collagen production, make the skin texture more compact, prevent the appearance of new imperfections, make the skin less shiny, reduce sebum production, brighten dark spots, prevent photo-aging. It can be found in our Sorgente Libera face serum.

O

OLEA EUROPAEA FRUIT OIL
(OLIO D’OLIVA)

The olive tree is a fruit tree belonging to the Oleaceae family and the Olea variety. The olive tree is evergreen and a broadleaf, whose vegetative activity is almost continuous, with attenuation in the winter period. It is presumed to be native to Asia Minor and Syria, because in this region the wild olive tree has been widespread since ancient times. Here Greeks began to cultivate it, discovering its great properties. It was used since ancient times for food thanks to its fruits, olives. Currently the Mediterranean area produces one of the best oils in the world. Olive oil, obtained by pressing olives, has a high content of monounsaturated fatty acids, considered “good fats” for their ability to counteract the excess of cholesterol in the blood: oleic is the main component (55-83%), and also contains linoleic acid (3.5-20%) and palmitic acid (7-20%). Its cosmetic properties are countless, such as being an excellent ally for slowing down skin aging process, giving softness, having an anti-inflammatory action or being extremely emollient. Used regularly, it deeply nourishes the skin, making it soft and luminous, as well as protecting it from the dangerous effects of sun rays. Finally in cosmetic products it acts as a carrier oil for plant extracts. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream.

OPUNTIA FICUS-INDICA SEED OIL (OLIO DI SEMI DI FICO D’INDIA)

Prickly pear is a succulent plant belonging to the family of cactaceae, native to Central America, but naturalized in the whole Mediterranean area, especially in Sicily, Calabria, Puglia and Sardinia. Its fruits are considered astringent, they are rich in vitamin C and are used as a cicatrizant on wounds and skin ulcers, in fact they are used as old traditional Sicilian remedies. Our prickly pear oil comes from the southeastern slopes of Mount Etna. This rare and expensive oil comes from the small seeds of the prickly pear. In terms of its composition, its three main fatty acids are linoleic (60-70%), the nutritious oleic (9-26%) and the saturated fatty acid, palmitic (8-18%). It is also rich in antioxidant vitamin E and anti-inflammatory sterols. On the skin it gives a feeling of lightness and a velvet effect, it is easily absorbed and is a great ally in the regeneration of dry or damaged skin. It can be found in our face, body and hair oil Nettare degli Dei.

ORIGANUM VULGARE EXTRACT (ESTRATTO DI ORIGANO)

Common oregano is an aromatic perennial plant belonging to the family of Lamiaceae and widely used as a spice. It is an herb that predominates in the Mediterranean diet, and it has been shown to have several properties including antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and analgesic. Oregano’s antioxidant and antimicrobial properties also make it a strong natural preservative agent. Its extract can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream.

ORYZA SATIVA BRAN OIL
(OLIO DI CRUSCA DI RISO)

Rice is an annual herbaceous plant of the Poaceae family, of Asian origin. Rice is one of the most ancient cultivated plants in the world. From southeast Asia, it entered the Mediterranean Sea through India and Persia and today it is mainly cultivated in Asia, but also in Italy, Spain, South America and Western Africa. Rice bran oil is rich in fats, proteins and vitamins, which accumulate during scraping. This oil is very light and not very greasy. It contains gamma oryzanol, a mixture of esterified sterols, ferulic acid and triterpene alcohols, with strong anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties that counteract the damage generated by free radicals, protecting the skin from oxidative stress and photoaging. It is also able to calm and soothe irritated and sensitive skin, give light and hydration. Finally, thanks to gamma oryzanol, it acts as a natural filter against UVA and UVB rays, which is why it is also used as the base of many sunscreen products. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream.

OLEA EUROPAEA FRUIT OIL
(OLIO D’OLIVA)

The olive tree is a fruit tree belonging to the Oleaceae family and the Olea variety. The olive tree is evergreen and a broadleaf, whose vegetative activity is almost continuous, with attenuation in the winter period. It is presumed to be native to Asia Minor and Syria, because in this region the wild olive tree has been widespread since ancient times. Here Greeks began to cultivate it, discovering its great properties. It was used since ancient times for food thanks to its fruits, olives. Currently the Mediterranean area produces one of the best oils in the world. Olive oil, obtained by pressing olives, has a high content of monounsaturated fatty acids, considered “good fats” for their ability to counteract the excess of cholesterol in the blood: oleic is the main component (55-83%), and also contains linoleic acid (3.5-20%) and palmitic acid (7-20%). Its cosmetic properties are countless, such as being an excellent ally for slowing down skin aging process, giving softness, having an anti-inflammatory action or being extremely emollient. Used regularly, it deeply nourishes the skin, making it soft and luminous, as well as protecting it from the dangerous effects of sun rays. Finally in cosmetic products it acts as a carrier oil for plant extracts. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream.

OPUNTIA FICUS-INDICA SEED OIL (OLIO DI SEMI DI FICO D’INDIA)

Prickly pear is a succulent plant belonging to the family of cactaceae, native to Central America, but naturalized in the whole Mediterranean area, especially in Sicily, Calabria, Puglia and Sardinia. Its fruits are considered astringent, they are rich in vitamin C and are used as a cicatrizant on wounds and skin ulcers, in fact they are used as old traditional Sicilian remedies. Our prickly pear oil comes from the southeastern slopes of Mount Etna. This rare and expensive oil comes from the small seeds of the prickly pear. In terms of its composition, its three main fatty acids are linoleic (60-70%), the nutritious oleic (9-26%) and the saturated fatty acid, palmitic (8-18%). It is also rich in antioxidant vitamin E and anti-inflammatory sterols. On the skin it gives a feeling of lightness and a velvet effect, it is easily absorbed and is a great ally in the regeneration of dry or damaged skin. It can be found in our face, body and hair oil Nettare degli Dei.

ORYZA SATIVA BRAN OIL
(OLIO DI CRUSCA DI RISO)

Rice is an annual herbaceous plant of the Poaceae family, of Asian origin. Rice is one of the most ancient cultivated plants in the world. From southeast Asia, it entered the Mediterranean Sea through India and Persia and today it is mainly cultivated in Asia, but also in Italy, Spain, South America and Western Africa. Rice bran oil is rich in fats, proteins and vitamins, which accumulate during scraping. This oil is very light and not very greasy. It contains gamma oryzanol, a mixture of esterified sterols, ferulic acid and triterpene alcohols, with strong anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties that counteract the damage generated by free radicals, protecting the skin from oxidative stress and photoaging. It is also able to calm and soothe irritated and sensitive skin, give light and hydration. Finally, thanks to gamma oryzanol, it acts as a natural filter against UVA and UVB rays, which is why it is also used as the base of many sunscreen products. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream.

ORIGANUM VULGARE EXTRACT (ESTRATTO DI ORIGANO)

Common oregano is an aromatic perennial plant belonging to the family of Lamiaceae and widely used as a spice. It is an herb that predominates in the Mediterranean diet, and it has been shown to have several properties including antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and analgesic. Oregano’s antioxidant and antimicrobial properties also make it a strong natural preservative agent. Its extract can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream.

P

PANTHENOL (PANTENOLO/PROVITAMINA B5)

Panthenol (also called pantothenol) is the alcoholic equivalent of pantothenic acid (vitamin B5), and is therefore a provitamin of B5. At room temperature it is a clear, viscous liquid. Panthenol is an alcohol widely used in cosmetics due to its moisturizing, repairing and soothing properties on both skin and mucous membranes as well as its ability to stimulate cell proliferation. Panthenol becomes active once it is absorbed by the skin making it very effective, because when it is applied locally, it penetrates into the lower layers of the skin, is absorbed by skin cells and converted into pantothenic acid (vitamin B5). It’s the penetration that allows essential hydration to occur. Due to its high skin compatibility, it is widely used in baby care products. By using panthenol, redness due to itching or irritation is soothed, which is why it can also be used as a post-burn cream. It improves the elasticity of the skin and accelerates the healing speed of epidermal wounds. Finally, it is often recommended by tattoo artists as a post-tattoo moisturizer. It can be found in our Sorgente Libera face serum.

POTASSIUM SORBATE
(SORBATO DI POTASSIO)

Potassium sorbate is the potassium salt of sorbic acid. At room temperature it occurs as a white, odorless crystalline powder. It is found in nature mainly in the berries of the rowan tree. Potassium sorbate is used as a preservative in cosmetics, as well as in the food industry. It is highly tolerated by the skin, as it is metabolized in the human body through water and CO2. It protects cosmetic products from yeasts and fungi and its use has a low environmental impact. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream and our Sorgente Libera face serum.

PANTHENOL (PANTENOLO/PROVITAMINA B5)

Panthenol (also called pantothenol) is the alcoholic equivalent of pantothenic acid (vitamin B5), and is therefore a provitamin of B5. At room temperature it is a clear, viscous liquid. Panthenol is an alcohol widely used in cosmetics due to its moisturizing, repairing and soothing properties on both skin and mucous membranes as well as its ability to stimulate cell proliferation. Panthenol becomes active once it is absorbed by the skin making it very effective, because when it is applied locally, it penetrates into the lower layers of the skin, is absorbed by skin cells and converted into pantothenic acid (vitamin B5). It’s the penetration that allows essential hydration to occur. Due to its high skin compatibility, it is widely used in baby care products. By using panthenol, redness due to itching or irritation is soothed, which is why it can also be used as a post-burn cream. It improves the elasticity of the skin and accelerates the healing speed of epidermal wounds. Finally, it is often recommended by tattoo artists as a post-tattoo moisturizer. It can be found in our Sorgente Libera face serum.

POTASSIUM SORBATE
(SORBATO DI POTASSIO)

Potassium sorbate is the potassium salt of sorbic acid. At room temperature it occurs as a white, odorless crystalline powder. It is found in nature mainly in the berries of the rowan tree. Potassium sorbate is used as a preservative in cosmetics, as well as in the food industry. It is highly tolerated by the skin, as it is metabolized in the human body through water and CO2. It protects cosmetic products from yeasts and fungi and its use has a low environmental impact. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream and our Sorgente Libera face serum.

PRUNUS AMYGDALUS DULCIS OIL (OLIO DI MANDORLE DOLCI)

The almond tree is a fruit tree belonging to the Rosaceae family and the prunus genus. The almond is the seed of this tree. The almond tree grows in the eastern Mediterranean and in the Levant. It was introduced in Sicily by Phenicians, brought from Greece. Almond is the edible seed of the almond tree and from it is produced a very energetic edible milk rich in vitamins of group B1 and B2, proteins and minerals. Widely used in cosmetics for its nourishing, elasticizing and emollient properties, sweet almond oil is yellow or golden yellow, obtained by cold pressing the seed. It is a light oil that can be used as a substitute for olive oil. Its dermal affinity is due to its proteins that are very similar to collagen. As a result, it is well tolerated by sensitive and delicate skin. Sweet almond oil is effective in the treatment of dry and reddened skin, fights skin aging, reduces itching (even in case of exanthematous diseases) and accelerates the healing of dermatoses. It is an excellent remedy for dull and damaged hair and is very useful for a deep cleansing of facial skin by removing impurities accumulated during the day. It can be found in our face, body and hair oil Nettare degli Dei.

S

SESAMUM INDICUM SEED OIL (OLIO DI SEMI DI SESAMO)

Sesame is a herbaceous plant belonging to the Pedaliaceae family, originating from India and Africa, whose seeds are used in human nutrition. It is an annual plant whose seeds are small, white or black, according to the varieties. Sesame does not contain gluten therefore it can be consumed without any problem by those who suffer from celiac disease ( gluten intolerance). The presence in sesame seeds of vitamins of group B, make its oil an excellent restorative, helpful for the health of nervous system, muscles and skin. It also contains a considerable quantity of proteins, amino acids and calcium. This vegetable oil is used in cosmetics due to its fat content of about 50%, mainly made of unsaturated fatty acids. Sesame seed oil therefore promotes the regenerative capacity of the skin, increases its resistance to environmental agents and penetrates quickly and deeply into the skin. It can be found in our face, body and hair oil Nettare degli Dei.

SODIUM ASCORBYL PHOSPHATE (SODIO ASCORBIL FOSFATO)

Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate is a stabilized, water-soluble form of vitamin C. Vitamin C is chemically very unstable, for this reason it enters the skin only in very small quantities. In cosmetics, therefore, the use of derivatives is preferred, which are broken down into ascorbic acid in the skin and therefore guarantee a better stability, just like sodium ascorbyl phosphate. Vitamin C stimulates the metabolism of connective tissue and the enzymes responsible for the production of collagen. It is then an effective antioxidant that protects cells from damage caused by free radicals, slowing down the skin aging process. In addition, it acts on the process of melanin formation, preventing hyperpigmentation and senile keratosis, hence it also has brightening properties. Finally, it is indicated in the treatment of acneic and oily skin and as a photoprotective. SAP can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream.

SODIUM BENZOATE
(BENZOATO DI SODIO)

Sodium benzoate, a white, odorless granular powder, is the sodium salt of benzoic acid. It is obtained through a synthetic process, but is naturally present in many foods such as blueberries, apricots, mushrooms and cinnamon. This salt has bacteriostatic and fungistatic activities and therefore it is often used in cosmetics and in food as a preservative. Sodium benzoate is one of the best substances available in terms of skin tolerability and low environmental impact. It is found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream and in our Sorgente Libera face serum.

SODIUM HYALURONATE (IALURONATO DI SODIO)

Sodium hyaluronate is the sodium salt of hyaluronic acid, which is one of the main natural components of connective tissues. In the epidermis it has an important structural role alongside collagen and elastin. Hyaluronic acid provides hydration to the skin because it is able to bind to itself a high number of water molecules (up to 20 times its weight). Hyaluronic acid, however, is a rather large molecule that has difficulty penetrating into the skin, therefore its salt is often used in cosmetics: sodium hyaluronate is a much smaller molecule, which penetrates more easily and can therefore move into the deep layers of the skin.This salt is a powerful humectant that attracts and retains water, but at the same time manages to cause a slight swelling that reduces the appearance of lines and wrinkles, giving a more youthful appearance. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream and our Sorgente Libera face serum.

SESAMUM INDICUM SEED OIL (OLIO DI SEMI DI SESAMO)

Sesame is a herbaceous plant belonging to the Pedaliaceae family, originating from India and Africa, whose seeds are used in human nutrition. It is an annual plant whose seeds are small, white or black, according to the varieties. Sesame does not contain gluten therefore it can be consumed without any problem by those who suffer from celiac disease ( gluten intolerance). The presence in sesame seeds of vitamins of group B, make its oil an excellent restorative, helpful for the health of nervous system, muscles and skin. It also contains a considerable quantity of proteins, amino acids and calcium. This vegetable oil is used in cosmetics due to its fat content of about 50%, mainly made of unsaturated fatty acids. Sesame seed oil therefore promotes the regenerative capacity of the skin, increases its resistance to environmental agents and penetrates quickly and deeply into the skin. It can be found in our face, body and hair oil Nettare degli Dei.

SODIUM ASCORBYL PHOSPHATE (SODIO ASCORBIL FOSFATO)

Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate is a stabilized, water-soluble form of vitamin C. Vitamin C is chemically very unstable, for this reason it enters the skin only in very small quantities. In cosmetics, therefore, the use of derivatives is preferred, which are broken down into ascorbic acid in the skin and therefore guarantee a better stability, just like sodium ascorbyl phosphate. Vitamin C stimulates the metabolism of connective tissue and the enzymes responsible for the production of collagen. It is then an effective antioxidant that protects cells from damage caused by free radicals, slowing down the skin aging process. In addition, it acts on the process of melanin formation, preventing hyperpigmentation and senile keratosis, hence it also has brightening properties. Finally, it is indicated in the treatment of acneic and oily skin and as a photoprotective. SAP can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream.

SODIUM HYALURONATE (IALURONATO DI SODIO)

Sodium hyaluronate is the sodium salt of hyaluronic acid, which is one of the main natural components of connective tissues. In the epidermis it has an important structural role alongside collagen and elastin. Hyaluronic acid provides hydration to the skin because it is able to bind to itself a high number of water molecules (up to 20 times its weight). Hyaluronic acid, however, is a rather large molecule that has difficulty penetrating into the skin, therefore its salt is often used in cosmetics: sodium hyaluronate is a much smaller molecule, which penetrates more easily and can therefore move into the deep layers of the skin.This salt is a powerful humectant that attracts and retains water, but at the same time manages to cause a slight swelling that reduces the appearance of lines and wrinkles, giving a more youthful appearance. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream and our Sorgente Libera face serum.

SODIUM BENZOATE
(BENZOATO DI SODIO)

Sodium benzoate, a white, odorless granular powder, is the sodium salt of benzoic acid. It is obtained through a synthetic process, but is naturally present in many foods such as blueberries, apricots, mushrooms and cinnamon. This salt has bacteriostatic and fungistatic activities and therefore it is often used in cosmetics and in food as a preservative. Sodium benzoate is one of the best substances available in terms of skin tolerability and low environmental impact. It is found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream and in our Sorgente Libera face serum.

SODIUM PCA (ACIDO PIROGLUTAMMICO DI SODIO)

Sodium PCA is a sodium salt of pyroglutamic acid. It is an amino acid found naturally in many proteins. It is part of the NMF (natural moisturizing factor), which are the compounds that allow the natural maintenance of skin hydration. It is used in cosmetics as a moisturizer, humectant. It has been shown to have stronger moisturizing power than glycerin, sorbitol or propanediol. This ingredient is also non-toxic, non-irritating and non-allergenic. It can be found in our Sorgente Libera face serum.

T

TOCOPHEROL
(VITAMINA E)

Tocopherol is an essential and vital vitamin nutrient for humans, oil-soluble, found in many vegetables, for example in fruits, hemp oil, olive oil and especially in wheat germ oil. Tocopherol is one of the main compounds called vitamin E. Tocopherol is a natural ingredient used in cosmetics as an active antioxidant and antiradical, especially in anti-aging preparations. It is useful in reducing skin damage caused by UV rays as it relieves burning and restores the natural balance of healthy skin. Vitamin E is non-irritating and is well tolerated by all skin types. Finally, it is also included in cosmetic formulas to protect plant oils from oxidation. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream and our Nettare degli Dei face, body and hair oil.

TOCOPHERYL ACETATE
(ACETATO DI TOCOFERILE/VITAMINA E ACETATO)

Tocopheryl acetate or vitamin E acetate is an ester of tocopherol. Under normal conditions it appears as a pale yellow oily viscous liquid. It can be produced synthetically or derived from natural foods, such as from vegetable germ oils. It has antioxidant activity and once it penetrates the skin it is converted to tocopherol. It is often used in cosmetics as an alternative to pure tocopherol because it is considered more stable and less acidic. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream.

TOCOPHEROL
(VITAMINA E)

Tocopherol is an essential and vital vitamin nutrient for humans, oil-soluble, found in many vegetables, for example in fruits, hemp oil, olive oil and especially in wheat germ oil. Tocopherol is one of the main compounds called vitamin E. Tocopherol is a natural ingredient used in cosmetics as an active antioxidant and antiradical, especially in anti-aging preparations. It is useful in reducing skin damage caused by UV rays as it relieves burning and restores the natural balance of healthy skin. Vitamin E is non-irritating and is well tolerated by all skin types. Finally, it is also included in cosmetic formulas to protect plant oils from oxidation. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream and our Nettare degli Dei face, body and hair oil.

TOCOPHERYL ACETATE
(ACETATO DI TOCOFERILE/VITAMINA E ACETATO)

Tocopheryl acetate or vitamin E acetate is an ester of tocopherol. Under normal conditions it appears as a pale yellow oily viscous liquid. It can be produced synthetically or derived from natural foods, such as from vegetable germ oils. It has antioxidant activity and once it penetrates the skin it is converted to tocopherol. It is often used in cosmetics as an alternative to pure tocopherol because it is considered more stable and less acidic. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream.

V

VITIS VINIFERA LEAF EXTRACT (GRAPEVINE LEAF EXTRACT) & VITIS VINIFERA SEED OIL (GRAPEVINE SEED OIL)

The common vine or Eurasian vine is a climbing shrub of the Vitaceae family. Flavonoids obtained from the pulp, seeds, skin and leaf of the grape (used as extract or oil) have antioxidant properties. Two of them in particular, quercetin and resveratrol, counteract the negative effects of free radicals. Resveratrol is mainly present in grape skins and seeds and it is widely used in cosmetic and pharmacological industry because it not only allows to fight the onset of free radicals helping skin to remain firm and elastic, but also to have an antioxidant effect, natural anti-inflammatory and to stimulate collagen synthesis. Grapeseed oil is one of the most valued, it is a light oil and also excellent for the treatment of acne, oily and combination skin. Grape leaf extract can be found in our Sorgente Libera face serum, while grapeseed oil can be found in our Nettare degli Dei face, body and hair oil.

X

XANTHAN GUM

Xanthan Gum is a polysaccharide used as a food additive and rheology modifier. It appears as a cream-colored powder that is soluble in water and insoluble in ethanol. It is made through a process of fermentation in pure culture of a carbohydrate (glucose or sucrose) by natural strains of the bacterium Xanthomonas campestris, purified, dried and powdered. Xanthan gum is used in cosmetics as an emulsion stabilizer, film-forming agent or binder because it has the ability to “swell” in water, which allows gels to be obtained. Its suspending power, resistance to electrolytes and pleasant, non-sticky texture on the skin makes it the most widely used natural polymer for stabilizing emulsions and as a suspending agent in surfactant blends. It can be found in our Tesoro di Alarico face cream.

SOURCES

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